The African baobab tree ( Adansonia digitata) is called the tree of life. Baobab trees can live for more than a thousand years and supply food, livestock fodder, medicinal substances, and raw materials. Baobab trees are exceptionally considerable. There are growing conservation issues and until now, an absence of genetic details.
The African baobab tree has 168 chromosomes– vital understanding for additional hereditary research studies, preservation, and enhancement for farming purposes. Previous research studies approximated that the tree has in between 96 and 166 chromosomes.
” We had the ability to unequivocally count the chromosomes,” states Nurul Faridi, a USDA Forest Service research geneticist who co-led the research study with Hamidou Sakhanokho, a USDA Agricultural Research study Service research geneticist.
The researchers utilized fluorescent probes to see the genetic components of private chromosomes within the cells– which radiance like jewels.
The analysis likewise revealed that the tree has a massive nucleolus organizer region (NOR).
” These genetic findings are foundational and will make genetic preservation of the African baobab tree more efficient and reliable,” states Dana Nelson, a coauthor and job leader of the Southern Research study Station’s hereditary unit. “This research is also a precursor for tree breeding programs seeking to improve baobab for silvicultural applications.”
Materials provided by USDA Forest Service – Southern Research Study Station Note: Content may be edited for style and length.